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创业?就业?大学生的现实之惑
日期: 2015-12-21  发布人: admin  浏览量: 1254

ganggangcanjiawan2017nianduguokaozouchukaochangdelizhengxuanduoshaoxiandeyouxieluomo。“fahuidebutaihao,gujimeixiwang。”jijiangmianlinbiyedelizhengxuanzaiyabomaiqiuqumougaoxiaodujisuanjiguanlizhuanye。duiyulizhengxuanlaishuo,jijiangdaolaidebiyejirangtayouxiemimanghekunhuo。

    “biyele,yabomaiqiuyaoquganshenme,yabomaiqiunengganshenme,shizhijiechuangyehaishizhaoyifenwendingdegongzuo?”

    biyezaiji,xuduo“lizhengxuanmen”yixiazimangranle。jingjizhuanxingqixia,yidabufenyingjiebiyeshengbeidongdijinrushehui,suiranduizijideweilaichongmanxiangxiang,quehennanzhaodaofangxiang。

亚博买球     zenmeban?guokaowuyiyouchenglebiyeshengmendeyigezhongyaoxuanze。genjuguojiagongwuyuanjufabudeshujuxianshi,zairiqianjieshude2017nianduguokaobishizhong,gongyou148.63wanrentongguozhaolujiguanzigeshencha,shijicankaorenshuwei98.4wanren。zheiyeshiji2013niandu152wanbaomingrenshuzhihou,chuxiandeyouyigegaodian。biyeshengdejiuyewentiqiandongzhezhenggeshehui,zaijingjizhuanxingqixia,zheiyangdeguokaobilishuomingleshenme?zaijiuyexingshiyanjun、jingzhengjiliedebeijingxia,jinnianlaibiyeshengdejiuyeqingxiangzhengfashengzheyixiebianhua。jinnian,biyeshengmenhuiruhexuanzezhiyehegangwei?

  火热的国考

亚博买球     rencheng“zhongguodiyikao”deguojiagongwuyuankaoshi,baomingrenshucong1994niande4400ren,daojinniande148.63wanren,20nianzhangle300duobei。jinjinianlai,chuqu2013niandu152wanrendebaominggaofeng,2017niandu148.63wanrendeguoshenguimo,yechuzaileguokaobaomingrenshudelishigaowei。zheiyiweizheshenme?zailizhengxuankanlai,shixingshisuobi。“yabomaiqiuzhouweitongxuexuanzekaogongwuyuandebilizai20%dao30%zhijian。”lizhengxuanxiangjizhebiaoshi,“xianzaijiuyeyalida,gongwuyuansuirangongzidaiyubushitebiehao,danshigongzuobijiaowending。yabomaiqiubandetongxue,kaoyanderenzhandaduoshu,qicijiushikaogongwuyuan。”

    neime,guokaodaodishi“shengwen”haishi“jiangwen”leni?“qishi,zheizhong‘shengwenshuo’deyulunshengyinzhijiejigongzhongzhizaole‘guokaozhonghuiredian,gengjianankao’deyinxiang。”neimenggudaxuejiaoshouheshenghairenwei,zheiyiwentidezhengjiejiuzaiyuduiguokao“shengwen”zhenweixingdepanduan。“guoyujiujiezheixieshuju,zhihuizouruwuqu,zaochengwudu。”heshenghaibiaoshi,shizhishang,suoweizheiciguokaode“shengwen”,shizai“jingjixiaxing”“shehuizhuanxingshengji”dedabeijingxiachuxiande,gengyingchengwei“heliqujianneidebodong”。

  “yabomaiqiudidiqianbujiucanjialeguokao,qishi,yabomaiqiuzijiyezaiyibiangongzuoyibianzhunbeicanjiagongwuyuankaoshi。yinweiyabomaiqiufumudoushizaizhengfushangbande,daiyuyizhidouhenhao,suoyitamenxiwangyabomaiqiuyedounengkaoshanggongwuyuan。ruguoyabomaiqiuliangdounengkaoshangdehua,neiyabomaiqiujiuchenglegongwuyuanshijiale,qiebushuoduomefuyu,danyeyibeizibuchouchichuanle。”qunianbiyedexiaonashuo,zijizuilixiangdezhiyehaishidanggongwuyuan。

亚博买球     yuxiaonadexiangfashaoyoubutong。zaiyabomaiqiuquyijiazhimingsiqigongzuodewangdanzebiaoshi,“zijiyejingliguodasanshixi,dasibiyezhaogongzuo,kezaidedaogongzuozhihouderizi,caitihuidaosiqiyeburongyi,haiburuqukaogongwuyuan。”wangdanrenwei,xianzaiyixieshangshigongsijiwaiqidegangweijingzhenggengjiajilie,erxiangbizhixia,guokaopindegengduodeshizhishicengmian,dedaolehaodechengji,nijiuyouhendadejihuihuodeyifenwendingdegongzuo,erqiehaibuyongdanxinbeichaoyouyuhuozhegongsiyinweishichangdahuanjingyingxiangjijingyingbushandaobi,erzaicishiye。“suoyiyabomaiqiujuedequchangshiyixiaweichangbuke。”wangdanshuo。

    caifangzhongjizheyefaxian,zaixuduokanhaogongwuyuanzhiyedeshoufangzhekanlai,“wending”he“timian”shixuanzegongwuyuanzhiyedezhuyaoyinsu。“bulunshidangxiadeshenghuo,haishikeyujiandeweilai,zheilianggetezhenghaishihuiranghenduoren、henduojiatingweizhibuxienuli。”heshenghaishuo。

    自主创业风劲吹

亚博买球     zaikanqilaiwanshijubei、wentuokeqidegongwuyuanlumianqian,yourenquexuanzezoushanglelingwaiyitiaozizhuchuangyededaolu,shiweiletiaozhanziyabomaiqiu?shixianmengxiang?haishiyouqitashenmemude?

亚博买球     jinnianlai,yabomaiqiushifazhanlexuduodechuangyeyuanqu,yuanquneijibenshangyi85houhe90hourenqunweizhu,duiyuweilaidezhiyefazhanfangxiang,dajiadedingweihenmingque。yijingzaijinqiaodianzishangwuchanyeyuanyijiagongsishangbandeyingjiebiyeshenglijianbin,duiyushifoukaolvguocanjiaguokao,dangyiminggongwuyuan,zechifoudingtaidu。tabiaoshi,zijigengxihuandeshinianqingyouhuolidetuandui,nengjizijideweilaidailaiwuxiankeneng。

    chuangyeyuanquchuleyingjiebiyeshengzhiwai,gengduodeshi“daxueshengchuangke”,youxieyijingxiaoyouguimo,youxiezehaichuzaimosuojieduan。sunjianhangshi2014niandedaxuebiyesheng,jingguoliangniandejiankufendou,tadegongsiyijingxingchengguimobingjuyouyidingdeshichangjingzhengli,ranerchuangyedejianxinzhiyouzijizhidao。“meiyourenqujinizhidinghaodefangzhenzhengce,nidefazhanguihuashishenme,quanbuyaokaozijiquxiang,yaokaozijiquchangshi,cuolemashangdiaozheng,chuangyelushangpenglehenduodebi。jingyanzhendeshiyonglaodonglihejinqianhuanhuilaide。”sunjianhangbuwugankai。

    jinnianlai,congguojiadaozizhiquzaidaoyabomaiqiushidouzaidalituijindazhongchuangye、wanzhongchuangxin,erzheiqizhong,daxueshengquntishituijindazhongchuangye、wanzhongchuangxindeshenglijun。yinci,zaizheifangmian,zizhiquheyabomaiqiushiyechutaileduoxiangxiangguanzhengceyuyiguli。zheixiezhengcedeshishi,yetixianlegejizhengfugulidaxueshengchuangxinchuangyedejuexin。

    buguo,conglingyifangmiankan,chuangxinchuangyedefengxianyebuxiao。caifangzhongbushaoshoufangzhuanjiajichuangyezhemenduidaxueshengchuangxinchuangyetichuxuduojianyi,qizhongtijizuiduodeyitiaoshi,chuangyeshi“jiusiyisheng”deshi,yaoyouzugoudexinlizhunbei。

    qunian7yue,neimengguminzudaxuebiyeshengzhanglinchengweiyimingdaxueshengchuangyezhe,tahetongxuezaiyabomaiqiushiyigechuangyeyuanqukaileyijiakaifashoujiyouxidegongsi。zailejiedao“xiaoedanbaodaikuantiexi”zhengcehou,tazhunbeishenqing。raner,daikuanbixuyaotigongyinxingliushui、shebaopingzhengdengcailiao,zheiyangdetiaojianquerangtazhibule。

亚博买球     caifangzhongjizhefaxian,chuzijinyinsuwai,duichuangyezhishihejingyandequefayechengweidaxueshengchuangyedeyidamenjian。zhanglinkaifadeshiyikuancelveshouyou,suiranchanpinzuochulaile,danshiyouyuganggangchuangye,gongsimeiyoufaxingnengli,zaizhaoxundailishizhanglinchuchupengbi。“zijin、shichang、jiatingyinsu,doushidaxueshengchuangyezhemendelanluhu。”zhanglintixingguangdazhunbeichuangyedeyingjiebiyesheng,yaojinshenchuangye,buyaobeishichangshangdeliuyanfeiyumihuo。

亚博买球     caifangzhongjizhefaxian,caozhiguojiqueshishihenduochuangyezhe,youqishicongxiaoyuanlizouchulai,jikekaishichuangyedenianqingrenjingchangyudaodewenti。erduiyu2014nianzouchuxiaomendewangronghui,zoudezeshiyitiaoquzhedejiuye、chuangyelu,yiluzoulaitadeganwushi: suoyoujinglidoushiduanlian,jianchibenxintashizuoshi。

亚博买球     xuemeishuzhuanyedewangronghuibiyehouhehenduoyingjiebiyeshengyiyang,dangnianzhaodaolezijidediyifengongzuo,danbannianhou,wangronghuitiaocaole。jiuzheiyangwangronghuisannianneibutingditiaocao,conghushidaobeijing,zonggonghuanlesifengongzuo。qunian,wangronghuizaipengyoudecuanduoxia,huidaohushikaishichuangye,danyouyuyuhehuorenzailinianshangchanshengchongtu,zheicichuangyezhijianchile8geyuejiuyishibaishouchang。

    diyicibuhuanersandechuangyehuobanzouhou,wangronghuixuanzeliuxialaizijidangan。jinnianchu,wangronghuizaiyabomaiqiushiyijiaqingnianchuangyefuhuajidichenglilezijideshejigongzuoshi。muqiantameiyuedagainengyouqibaqianyuandeshouru。duicishouru,wangronghuibijiaomanyi,yinweitajianxinyibuyibutashizouxiaqu,weilaiqianjingyidingbuhuicha。

    懈怠的“慢就业”

亚博买球     nianqingrenxuanzewendingzhiyehaohaishizizhuchuangyehao?zheishiyigerenzhejianrendewenti,yeshihenduojijiangjinrushehuidenianqingrenjiyutanjiudewenti。henduoshangweizizhuchuangyedenianqingrenkenengjuede,xuanzechuangyeyaohaoguoshouzheyifenweibodegongziguorizi,zhihenzijibugansheqihuozhetiaojiandabudao。erneixieyijingchuangyebingqiezuodebingburuyiderenkendinghuiyaotougantanzhequanzuhoulairen,jishichuangyezhihouxiaoyouchengjiuzhe,kongpayehuiyouxiangdangyibufenrenhuiquanbierenbuyaoqingyichangshizizhuchuangye。ruguoshini,nihuizenmeyangxuanzeni?

    yuxuduorenbutong,jinniancongyabomaiqiuquyisuobenkeyuanxiaoyishushejizhuanyebiyedeliweizexuanzele“manjiuye”,“yejiushibiyehouyizhidouchuyudandingdewuyezhuangtai。”liweixiaozheshuo。

    caifangzhongjizhelejiedao,“manjiuye”zhideshidaxuebiyehoujibumashanggongzuoyebuqiuxueshenzao,ershixuanzeyiqitafangshizanshidaiyedexianxiang,zheileiquntiyebeichengwei“daidingzu”。

亚博买球     caifangzhongrangjizhechayideshi,youbushaobiyeshengdouxuanzele“manjiuye”dang“daidingzu”,erqiedouneng“daiding”delizhiqizhuang。

    liweizhiyan,bingbushizijibuxiangshangban,yinweidiyifengongzuoduizijizheiyishenghenzhongyao,suoyibuxiangsuibianjiuyeyouqingyitiaocao。liweirenwei,suiranzijimuqianshuyu“daidingzu”,danshiqueshizanshide。

亚博买球     “biqi‘shiye’‘daiye’‘zhaobudaogongzuo’,‘manjiuye’‘daidingzu’zheilianggecizhongxingsecaishizu,kenenghaiyouyisisibaoyi,sihushizaiweigenghaodegongzuoerzhunbei。”huhehaotezhiyexueyuanjingjiguanliyufaxueyuanyuanzhanggarididuicixianxiangzeyizhenjianxue,“xuduosuoweide‘manjiuye’he‘daidingzu’shijishangshibeidongwunaidichuyuwuyezhuangtai,erfeiyoudiqidizhudongxuanze。benzhishangrengshiyanerdaoling。”

    caifangzhongjizheyefaxian,xuduodaxueshengdouxiwangcongshigongzuohuanjinghao、xinchouduo、yalixiangduijiaoxiao、fuligaoqieshoushehuishangdaduoshurensuoxianmuzunzhongdexingye。

亚博买球     “daxueshengjiuyenandewentichichidebudaojiejue,‘biyedengyushiye’yeyuehanyuexiangliang,xuduodaxueshengjiangyuanyinguijiuweishehuiyalida。raner,congdaxueshengzishenjiaoduchufa,daxueshengdejiuyeguannianyecunzaiyixiepiancha。”heshenghairenwei,daxueshengduizhiyedequtongfanyingchuhenduodaxueshengzhiguyanqianliyi,hushizhiyefazhan,anxinyuyouyuedegongzuohuanjinghebufeideshouru,erhushilezishenduizhiyedexingqunengliheduizhiyefazhanqianjingdeguihua。“haiyoujiushiguoyugonglihuadezhiyeguannian,jiangzhiyehuafenweibutongdedengji,meiyoukaolvdaoshehuizhenzhengdexuyao,buyuanyishenrudaojiankude、zhenzhengxuyaozijidedifang。muqianmianduijiliedejingzheng,daxueshengxiwanggongzuo‘yibudaowei’dexiangfayuelaiyuetuxian。henduodaxueshengrengranxihuanwending、fulibaozhanghaodedanwei,xiwangyicijiunengxuandinglixiangdezhiye,erbuyuanyixuanzeyoufengxian、youtiaozhanxingdezhiye。zheiyeshizaochengguojiagongwuyuanhegeshengshigongwuyuankaoshibaokaoshuliangjuda、jingzhengjiliedeyuanyinzhiyi。”

亚博买球     danheshenghaitanyan,zhenduizheizhonggangadezhuangkuang,duiyudaxueshengyebunengqiuquanzebei,“bijingjiuyeguanniandebianhuashizaizhenggeshehuihuanjingxiaqianyimohuayingxiangdejieguo,xuexiaodeshiliyumingshengyijijiatingbeijinghejingjishilidoushiyingxiangdaxueshengjiuyeguannianzouxianshiluxiandeyinsu。”

    “tongshi,jiuyelingyudanyi、jiuyediqujizhong、jiuyeqiwangpiangaohejiuyewendingxingchachengweidangqiandaxueshengjiuyenandezhuyaowenti。”neimenggushekeyuanyanjiuyuanhanchengfuzheiyangrenwei。

    chengruhanchengfusuoyan,caifangzhongjizheyelejiedao,jiuyedejiegouxingmaodunyirantuchu、qiyeduibiyeshengqiwangzhipiangao、dazhongzhuanbiyeshengjiuyeguannianjidaijinyibugaibianchengweidangqianpojiedaxueshengjiuyedepingjingwenti。

    创业就业需回归理性

    duici,garidiyeshenyouganchu。garidirenwei,yaopojiezheiyiwenti,xuyaogaoxiaojijiyingdui,nulitigaoxueshengdejiuyenengli,“gaoxiaoyinggenjushichangxuqiujishidiaozhengzhuanyeshezhi”。garidirenwei,zaishichangjingjidejintian,daxueshengyeshiyizhongteshudechanpin。yuqitachanpinyiyang,gaoxiaopeiyangdaxueshengyecunzaizhe“chanxiao”shifouduilu、gongqiushifoupinghengdewenti。“tongshi,zhengfuyeyingjinkuaijianliwanshanyujingjizhi,xianggaoxiaosuishifabushehuiduigeleirencaixuqiudebianhuaqingkuang。duiyukenengchuxiandezhuanyeshezhigongqiubupinghengyingjishijigaoxiaoyijinggao。”

    garidihaibiaoshi,gaoxiaoyingjiaqiangxueshengzonghenenglidepeiyang,yitigaokangfengxiannengli。jiyaozhongshipeiyangxueshengdezhuanyejineng,yebunenghulvefeizhuanyenenglidepeiyang。“yongrendanweichulezhuanyenenglizhiwai,tichulemingquedefeizhuanyenengliyaoqiu,baokuodaxueshengdebiaodanengli、renjijiaowangnengli、zuzhiguanlinengli、shiyingnengli、shijiannengli、xuexinengli、yingbiannenglideng。suoyiduidaxueshengfeizhuanyenenglidepeiyangyeyouweizhongyao。”garidishuo。

    heshenghaizerenwei,pojiezheiyinanti,zhengfuyingjiadajiuyezhengcefuchilidu,“zhengfuyingfahuizhengcexiaoying,jijiyindaobiyeshengdaojicengjiuyehedalituijinbiyeshengzizhuchuangye。”heshenghaijianyi,zhengfuyingjinyibuwanshangonggongchuangyeyabomaiqiupingtaigongnengheguimo,luoshidaojichuyabomaiqiu,congchuangyezhejibenxuqiuchufazuozhenzhengmanzutamenxuyaodechuangyepingtai。“biruwanshanchuangyeyouhuizhengceshenqingliucheng,duishenbantiaojianjinxingzhenggai,zuodaoshishibakong,zhengqueluoshi,zhenzhengweiyouxuyaodechuangyezhetigongzuihaodebangzhu。”heshenghaishuo。

亚博买球     “erduiyudaxueshengeryanzeyingshulizhengquedejiuyeguan。”zaizheiyidianshangjiweizhuanjiayijianyizhi。garidirenwei,daxuebiyeshengyingrenqingjiuyexingshi,zhuanbianjiuyeguannian。“gengyaoxiaochu‘yangaoshoudi、youyebujiu’desixiang。congjiuyedieryan,buyidingfeizhaduichengshibuke,yekeyikaolvxiangzhenshenzhibianyuandiqu。congxinchoudaiyueryan,yebuyidingfeiyaogaoxinbuke,congdixinjiuyekaishi,xianzhuanqugongzuojingyanyeshihenyoubiyaode。”garidishuo。

    hanchengfurenwei,zaijingjizhuanxingqi,daxueshenghaiyingjiangdijiuyeqiwang,zhunquedingweiziji。“lixiangjiuyebushifeikaoqugongwuyuan、shiyedanweihuojinruguoqicaixing。sanbailiushixing,xingxingchuzhuangyuan,guanjianshixuanzeshiheziji、nenggouchongfenfahuizishentezhangdegongzuogangwei。”hanchengfubiaoshi,zaizeyemianqian,daxueshengyingduizijigefangmiandeqingkuangcongkeguanshijichufajinxingfenxi,yaozixiquanheng,zhaozhunzijiyushehuidezuijiajiehedian,yijijijinqudexintaiyingjieshehuidexuanze,zheiyanghuigengyouliyujiuye,“tongshi,haiyingshiyingdangqianxingshi,tishengjingzhengnengli。qiuzhideguochengshiyigequanmianzhanshizijideguocheng,bixunuliwanshanziji,tigaozishensuzhi。”

    heshenghaizerenwei,zaidangqianxingshixia,daxueshengyingzhudongxuanzejihui,xuehui“sanweiyiti”jiuye,jixianjiuyehouzeye、fengxianjicengjiuyehedadanchuangyejiuye。“zeyeshiqidian,chuangyeshizhuiqiu。”heshenghaibiaoshi,dangdeshibadabaogaoshoucijiang“gulichuangye”narujiuyefangzhen,tongshi,gejidifangzhengfuweijilichuangye、zhichichuangyeyijingjianlileyixiliezhengfujizhi,chutaileyixilieyouhuizhengce。“daxueshengwanquankeyizaichuangyezheigedawutaishangchongfenfahuizijideguanghere。”heshenghaishuo。

亚博买球     “daxueshengchuangyechenggonglvdi、fengxianda,rongyijijiatingheshehuizaochengfudan。yinci,daxueshengzai‘shuangchuang’zhongzuizhongyaodeshiliyongzaixiaoxuexidejihui,zhuzhongpeiyangchuangxinyishi、chuangxinsiweihechuangxinnengli,erbushimangmudijinxingchuangye。”caifangzhongjiweizhuanjiayizhibiaoshi,zhengcezhichidezhuyaozhelidianyingshishenhuajiaoyutizhigaige,zhonggourencaijiaoyutixihepingjiatixi,bagengduodeziyuantourudaogulihezhichidaxueshengdechuangxinhuodongzhong,“zai‘dazhongchuangye,wanzhongchuangxin’debeijingxia,xiangguanzhengceyingduojiyudaxueshengchuangyeyixieguliyukuanrong,jifashifangdaxueshengchuangyedehuoliheqianli。”

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